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The framework refers to an underlying basic structure in software engineering, which serves the programmer as a development structure for their app programming. Frameworks are used primarily in object-oriented software development and component-based development approaches.


A framework includes the basic building blocks of a program and therefore determines the design of the basic structure for the software developed. It contains abstract and concrete classes and at the same time supports the creation of apps. It is essential to know that the framework itself it is not a complete program, but will be used by programmers only as a Design pattern.

A programmer specifies a particular type of implementation, which is then controlled and used by the framework. In general, frameworks are developed with the aim of reusing architectural application patterns. Some application examples are graphic editors, accounting systems or Internet stores. An independent platform, for example, is Ruby on Rails.

Structure types

In general, frameworks can be divided as follows:

  • Application frameworks:

These frameworks form a basic programmer structure for certain types of apps. They provide a function and structure that are important for all such apps.

  • Domain Frameworks:

Domain frameworks create the programming framework for a particular problem area and thus provide functions to solve this problem.

  • Class Frameworks:

Framework are a combination of classes and methods that can be used for a wide range of apps. They support the implementation of the programmer's app at a certain abstract level.

  • Component Frameworks:

These frameworks provide an environment for the development and incorporation of software components, which are a compilation of classes and generally have a clearly defined interface.

  • Coordination frameworks:

These frameworks provide the ability to configure device interactions and serve to ensure seamless compatibility.

  • Test frameworks:

As the name implies, this framework is used to test developed software. Well known examples are JUnit for module testing and Selenium for web app testing.

  • Web Frameworks:

Web frameworks are designed for the development of dynamic websites and web apps. To this end, they provide methods and functions to support developers.

SEO application

In the field of search engine optimization, frameworks are commonly used as a basic structure for SEO tools. They provide, for example, options to implement keyword analysis, keyword searches, link building, and more. SEO frameworks support the developer and provide the basic structure for creating new software.

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